Thing J et al. Diagnosis and Management of Plantar Fasciitis. Br J Gen Pract. 2012 Aug; 62(601):443 – 4.
Plantar fasciitis (PF) is a common overuse injury that occurs as a result of repetitive traction forces on the plantar fascia at its origin over the distal calcaneus. It accounts for 8 – 10% of running related injuries and 80% of heel pain, and is commonly seen in primary care. Individuals with pes planus (flat foot) and pes cavus (high arch) deformity are at increased risk of developing PF, as are individuals who wear poorly supporting footwear and who undertake excessive walking or weight bearing activity (often job-related such as ‘policeman’s heel’). Previous heel pain and a high body mass index are also risk factors for plantar fasciitis. It commonly occurs in middle-aged individuals with an equal preponderance in males and females and has a lifetime prevalence of 10%.